yarn. Friday , March 16th , 2018 - 02:18:14 AM
Cotton and polyester are the most commonly spun fibers in the world. Cotton is grown throughout the world harvested ginned and prepared for yarn spinning. Polyester is extruded from polymers derived from natural gas and oil. Synthetic fibers are generally extruded in continuous strands of gel-state materials. These strands are drawn (stretched) annealed (hardened) and cured to obtain properties desirable for later processing.
The most commonly spun animal fiber is wool harvested from sheep. For hand knitting and hobby knitting thick wool and acrylic yarns are frequently used.
When natural hair-type fibers are burned they tend to singe and have a smell of burnt hair; this is because many as human hair are protein-derived. Cotton and viscose (rayon) yarns burn as a wick. Synthetic yarns generally tend to melt though some synthetics are inherently flame-retardant. Noting how an unidentified fiber strand burns and smells can assist in determining if it is natural or synthetic and what the fiber content is.
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