yarn. Thursday , May 31st , 2018 - 07:27:04 AM
Synthetic fibers come in three basic forms: staple tow and filament. Staple is cut fibers generally sold in lengths up to 20mm. Tow is a continuous "rope" of fibers consisting of many filaments loosely joined side-to-side. Filament is a continuous strand consisting of anything from filament to many. Synthetic fiber is most often measured in a weight per linear measurement basis along with cut length. Denier and Dtex are the most common weight to length measures. Cut-length only applies to staple fiber.
Texturized yarns are made by a process of air texturizing filament yarns (sometimes referred to as taslanizing) which combines multiple filament yarns into a yarn with some of the characteristics of spun yarns.
Another measurement of yarn weight often used by weavers is wraps per inch (WPI). The yarn is wrapped snugly around a ruler and the number of wraps that fit in an inch are counted.
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