Textile. Tuesday , June 05th , 2018 - 16:52:28 PM
Textiles receive a range of treatments before they reach the end-user. From formaldehyde finishes (to improve crease-resistance) to biocidic finishes and from flame retardants to dyeing of many types of fabric the possibilities are almost endless. However many of these finishes may also have detrimental effects on the end user. A number of disperse acid and reactive dyes (for example) have been shown to be allergenic to sensitive individuals.24 Further to this specific dyes within this group have also been shown to induce purpuric contact dermatitis.
Nonwoven textiles are manufactured by the bonding of fibres to make fabric. Bonding may be thermal or mechanical or adhesives can be used.
Textiles for industrial purposes and chosen for characteristics other than their appearance are commonly referred to as technical textiles. Technical textiles include textile structures for automotive applications medical textiles (e.g. implants) geotextiles (reinforcement of embankments) agrotextiles (textiles for crop protection) protective clothing (e.g. against heat and radiation for fire fighter clothing against molten metals for welders stab protection and bullet proof vests). In all these applications stringent performance requirements must be met. Woven of threads coated with zinc oxide nanowires laboratory fabric has been shown capable of "self-powering nanosystems" using vibrations created by everyday actions like wind or body movements.
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