Textile. Tuesday , June 05th , 2018 - 17:04:28 PM
Since the 1990s with advances in technologies such as permanent press process finishing agents have been used to strengthen fabrics and make them wrinkle free.22 More recently nanomaterials research has led to additional advancements with companies such as Nano-Tex and NanoHorizons developing permanent treatments based on metallic nanoparticles for making textiles more resistant to things such as water stains wrinkles and pathogens such as bacteria and fungi.
Textiles are often dyed with fabrics available in almost every colour. The dyeing process often requires several dozen gallons of water for each pound of clothing.19 Coloured designs in textiles can be created by weaving together fibres of different colours (tartan or Uzbek Ikat) adding coloured stitches to finished fabric (embroidery) creating patterns by resist dyeing methods tying off areas of cloth and dyeing the rest (tie-dyeing) or drawing wax designs on cloth and dyeing in between them (batik) or using various printing processes on finished fabric. Woodblock printing still used in India and elsewhere today is the oldest of these dating back to at least 220 CE in China. Textiles are also sometimes bleached making the textile pale or white.
A textile1 is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread). Yarn is produced by spinning raw fibres of wool flax cotton hemp or other materials to produce long strands.2 Textiles are formed by weaving knitting crocheting knotting or felting.
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