Textile. Tuesday , June 05th , 2018 - 16:49:20 PM
Textiles are often dyed with fabrics available in almost every colour. The dyeing process often requires several dozen gallons of water for each pound of clothing.19 Coloured designs in textiles can be created by weaving together fibres of different colours (tartan or Uzbek Ikat) adding coloured stitches to finished fabric (embroidery) creating patterns by resist dyeing methods tying off areas of cloth and dyeing the rest (tie-dyeing) or drawing wax designs on cloth and dyeing in between them (batik) or using various printing processes on finished fabric. Woodblock printing still used in India and elsewhere today is the oldest of these dating back to at least 220 CE in China. Textiles are also sometimes bleached making the textile pale or white.
Textiles have an assortment of uses the most common of which are for clothing and for containers such as bags and baskets. In the household they are used in carpeting upholstered furnishings window shades towels coverings for tables beds and other flat surfaces and in art. In the workplace they are used in industrial and scientific processes such as filtering. Miscellaneous uses include flags backpacks tents nets handkerchiefs cleaning rags transportation devices such as balloons kites sails and parachutes; textiles are also used to provide strengthening in composite materials such as fibreglass and industrial geotextiles. Textiles are used in many traditional crafts such as sewing quilting and embroidery.
Silk is an animal textile made from the fibres of the cocoon of the Chinese silkworm which is spun into a smooth fabric prized for its softness. There are two main types of the silk: mulberry silk produced by the Bombyx Mori and wild silk such as Tussah silk. Silkworm larvae produce the first type if cultivated in habitats with fresh mulberry leaves for consumption while Tussah silk is produced by silkworms feeding purely on oak leaves. Around four-fifths of the worlds silk production consists of cultivated silk
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