chloe. yarn. May 29th , 2018.
In Europe textile engineers often use the unit tex which is the weight in grams of a kilometre of yarn or decitex which is a finer measurement corresponding to the weight in grams of 0 km of yarn. Many other units have been used over time by different industries.
In general natural fibers tend to require more careful handling than synthetics because they can shrink felt stain shed fade stretch wrinkle or be eaten by moths more readily unless special treatments such as mercerization or superwashing are performed to strengthen fix color or otherwise enhance the fiber own properties.
Labels on yarn for handicrafts often include information on gauge known in the UK as tension which is a measurement of how many stitches and rows are produced per inch or per cm on a specified size of knitting needle or crochet hook. The proposed standardization uses a four-by-four inch/ten-by-ten cm knitted or crocheted square with the resultant number of stitches across and rows high made by the suggested tools on the label to determine the gauge.
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