Textile. Tuesday , June 05th , 2018 - 16:55:08 PM
A textile1 is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread). Yarn is produced by spinning raw fibres of wool flax cotton hemp or other materials to produce long strands.2 Textiles are formed by weaving knitting crocheting knotting or felting.
Felting involves pressing a mat of fibres together and working them together until they become tangled. A liquid such as soapy water is usually added to lubricate the fibres and to open up the microscopic scales on strands of wool.
Textiles are often dyed with fabrics available in almost every colour. The dyeing process often requires several dozen gallons of water for each pound of clothing.19 Coloured designs in textiles can be created by weaving together fibres of different colours (tartan or Uzbek Ikat) adding coloured stitches to finished fabric (embroidery) creating patterns by resist dyeing methods tying off areas of cloth and dyeing the rest (tie-dyeing) or drawing wax designs on cloth and dyeing in between them (batik) or using various printing processes on finished fabric. Woodblock printing still used in India and elsewhere today is the oldest of these dating back to at least 220 CE in China. Textiles are also sometimes bleached making the textile pale or white.
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