Textile. Tuesday , June 05th , 2018 - 16:59:42 PM
Silk is an animal textile made from the fibres of the cocoon of the Chinese silkworm which is spun into a smooth fabric prized for its softness. There are two main types of the silk: mulberry silk produced by the Bombyx Mori and wild silk such as Tussah silk. Silkworm larvae produce the first type if cultivated in habitats with fresh mulberry leaves for consumption while Tussah silk is produced by silkworms feeding purely on oak leaves. Around four-fifths of the worlds silk production consists of cultivated silk
Textiles receive a range of treatments before they reach the end-user. From formaldehyde finishes (to improve crease-resistance) to biocidic finishes and from flame retardants to dyeing of many types of fabric the possibilities are almost endless. However many of these finishes may also have detrimental effects on the end user. A number of disperse acid and reactive dyes (for example) have been shown to be allergenic to sensitive individuals.24 Further to this specific dyes within this group have also been shown to induce purpuric contact dermatitis.
Eisengarn meaning "iron yarn" in English is a light-reflecting strong material invented in Germany in the 19th century. It is made by soaking cotton threads in a starch and paraffin wax solution. The threads are then stretched and polished by steel rollers and brushes. The end result of the process is a lustrous tear-resistant yarn which is extremely hardwearing.
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