chloe. yarn. May 26th , 2018.
Synthetic fibers come in three basic forms: staple tow and filament. Staple is cut fibers generally sold in lengths up to 20mm. Tow is a continuous "rope" of fibers consisting of many filaments loosely joined side-to-side. Filament is a continuous strand consisting of anything from filament to many. Synthetic fiber is most often measured in a weight per linear measurement basis along with cut length. Denier and Dtex are the most common weight to length measures. Cut-length only applies to staple fiber.
Filament yarn consists of filament fibres (very long continuous fibres) either twisted together or only grouped together. Thicker monofilaments are typically used for industrial purposes rather than fabric production or decoration. Silk is a natural filament and synthetic filament yarns are used to produce silk-like effects.
Both synthetic and natural yarns can pill. Pilling is a function of fiber content spinning method twist contiguous staple length and fabric construction. Single ply yarns or using fibers like merino wool are known to pill more due to the fact that in the former the single ply is not tight enough to securely retain all the fibers under abrasion and the merino wools short staple length allows the ends of the fibers to pop out of the twist more easily.
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