yarn. Friday , March 16th , 2018 - 02:43:49 AM
Cotton and polyester are the most commonly spun fibers in the world. Cotton is grown throughout the world harvested ginned and prepared for yarn spinning. Polyester is extruded from polymers derived from natural gas and oil. Synthetic fibers are generally extruded in continuous strands of gel-state materials. These strands are drawn (stretched) annealed (hardened) and cured to obtain properties desirable for later processing.
Labels on yarn for handicrafts often include information on gauge known in the UK as tension which is a measurement of how many stitches and rows are produced per inch or per cm on a specified size of knitting needle or crochet hook. The proposed standardization uses a four-by-four inch/ten-by-ten cm knitted or crocheted square with the resultant number of stitches across and rows high made by the suggested tools on the label to determine the gauge.
In general natural fibers tend to require more careful handling than synthetics because they can shrink felt stain shed fade stretch wrinkle or be eaten by moths more readily unless special treatments such as mercerization or superwashing are performed to strengthen fix color or otherwise enhance the fiber own properties.
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