Textile. Tuesday , June 05th , 2018 - 16:50:48 PM
A textile1 is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread). Yarn is produced by spinning raw fibres of wool flax cotton hemp or other materials to produce long strands.2 Textiles are formed by weaving knitting crocheting knotting or felting.
Wool refers to the hair of the domestic goat or sheep which is distinguished from other types of animal hair in that the individual strands are coated with scales and tightly crimped and the wool as a whole is coated with a wax mixture known as lanolin (sometimes called wool grease) which is waterproof and dirtproof.citation needed Woollen refers to a bulkier yarn produced from carded non-parallel fibre while worsted refers to a finer yarn spun from longer fibres which have been combed to be parallel. Wool is commonly used for warm clothing. Cashmere the hair of the Indian cashmere goat and mohair the hair of the North African angora goat are types of wool known for their softness.
Textiles have an assortment of uses the most common of which are for clothing and for containers such as bags and baskets. In the household they are used in carpeting upholstered furnishings window shades towels coverings for tables beds and other flat surfaces and in art. In the workplace they are used in industrial and scientific processes such as filtering. Miscellaneous uses include flags backpacks tents nets handkerchiefs cleaning rags transportation devices such as balloons kites sails and parachutes; textiles are also used to provide strengthening in composite materials such as fibreglass and industrial geotextiles. Textiles are used in many traditional crafts such as sewing quilting and embroidery.
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