Textile. Tuesday , June 05th , 2018 - 16:48:04 PM
Weaving is a textile production method which involves interlacing a set of longer threads (called the warp) with a set of crossing threads (called the weft). This is done on a frame or machine known as a loom of which there are a number of types. Some weaving is still done by hand but the vast majority is mechanized.
Textiles are often dyed with fabrics available in almost every colour. The dyeing process often requires several dozen gallons of water for each pound of clothing.19 Coloured designs in textiles can be created by weaving together fibres of different colours (tartan or Uzbek Ikat) adding coloured stitches to finished fabric (embroidery) creating patterns by resist dyeing methods tying off areas of cloth and dyeing the rest (tie-dyeing) or drawing wax designs on cloth and dyeing in between them (batik) or using various printing processes on finished fabric. Woodblock printing still used in India and elsewhere today is the oldest of these dating back to at least 220 CE in China. Textiles are also sometimes bleached making the textile pale or white.
Wool refers to the hair of the domestic goat or sheep which is distinguished from other types of animal hair in that the individual strands are coated with scales and tightly crimped and the wool as a whole is coated with a wax mixture known as lanolin (sometimes called wool grease) which is waterproof and dirtproof.citation needed Woollen refers to a bulkier yarn produced from carded non-parallel fibre while worsted refers to a finer yarn spun from longer fibres which have been combed to be parallel. Wool is commonly used for warm clothing. Cashmere the hair of the Indian cashmere goat and mohair the hair of the North African angora goat are types of wool known for their softness.
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