chloe. Textile. June 05th , 2018.
Textiles for industrial purposes and chosen for characteristics other than their appearance are commonly referred to as technical textiles. Technical textiles include textile structures for automotive applications medical textiles (e.g. implants) geotextiles (reinforcement of embankments) agrotextiles (textiles for crop protection) protective clothing (e.g. against heat and radiation for fire fighter clothing against molten metals for welders stab protection and bullet proof vests). In all these applications stringent performance requirements must be met. Woven of threads coated with zinc oxide nanowires laboratory fabric has been shown capable of "self-powering nanosystems" using vibrations created by everyday actions like wind or body movements.
The related words fabric3 and cloth4 are often used in textile assembly trades (such as tailoring and dressmaking) as synonyms for textile. However there are subtle differences in these terms in specialized usage. A textile is any material made of interlacing fibres including carpeting and geotextiles. A fabric is a material made through weaving knitting spreading crocheting or bonding that may be used in production of further goods (garments etc.). Cloth may be used synonymously with fabric but is often a piece of fabric that has been processed.
The word fabric also derives from Latin most recently from the Middle French fabrique or building thing made and earlier as the Latin fabrica workshop; an art trade; a skilful production structure fabric which is from the Latin faber or artisan who works in hard materials from PIE dhabh- meaning to fit together.
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