Textile. Tuesday , June 05th , 2018 - 16:55:47 PM
Textiles are sometimes finished by chemical processes to change their characteristics. In the 19th century and early 20th century starching was commonly used to make clothing more resistant to stains and wrinkles.
Wool refers to the hair of the domestic goat or sheep which is distinguished from other types of animal hair in that the individual strands are coated with scales and tightly crimped and the wool as a whole is coated with a wax mixture known as lanolin (sometimes called wool grease) which is waterproof and dirtproof.citation needed Woollen refers to a bulkier yarn produced from carded non-parallel fibre while worsted refers to a finer yarn spun from longer fibres which have been combed to be parallel. Wool is commonly used for warm clothing. Cashmere the hair of the Indian cashmere goat and mohair the hair of the North African angora goat are types of wool known for their softness.
Since the 1990s with advances in technologies such as permanent press process finishing agents have been used to strengthen fabrics and make them wrinkle free.22 More recently nanomaterials research has led to additional advancements with companies such as Nano-Tex and NanoHorizons developing permanent treatments based on metallic nanoparticles for making textiles more resistant to things such as water stains wrinkles and pathogens such as bacteria and fungi.
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