Textile. Tuesday , June 05th , 2018 - 16:56:02 PM
Wool refers to the hair of the domestic goat or sheep which is distinguished from other types of animal hair in that the individual strands are coated with scales and tightly crimped and the wool as a whole is coated with a wax mixture known as lanolin (sometimes called wool grease) which is waterproof and dirtproof.citation needed Woollen refers to a bulkier yarn produced from carded non-parallel fibre while worsted refers to a finer yarn spun from longer fibres which have been combed to be parallel. Wool is commonly used for warm clothing. Cashmere the hair of the Indian cashmere goat and mohair the hair of the North African angora goat are types of wool known for their softness.
The word cloth derives from the Old English clað meaning a cloth woven or felted material to wrap around one from Proto-Germanic kalithaz (compare O.Frisian klath Middle Dutch cleet Dutch kleed Middle High German kleit and German kleid all meaning "garment").
Eisengarn meaning "iron yarn" in English is a light-reflecting strong material invented in Germany in the 19th century. It is made by soaking cotton threads in a starch and paraffin wax solution. The threads are then stretched and polished by steel rollers and brushes. The end result of the process is a lustrous tear-resistant yarn which is extremely hardwearing.
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