Textile. Tuesday , June 05th , 2018 - 16:56:20 PM
Textiles receive a range of treatments before they reach the end-user. From formaldehyde finishes (to improve crease-resistance) to biocidic finishes and from flame retardants to dyeing of many types of fabric the possibilities are almost endless. However many of these finishes may also have detrimental effects on the end user. A number of disperse acid and reactive dyes (for example) have been shown to be allergenic to sensitive individuals.24 Further to this specific dyes within this group have also been shown to induce purpuric contact dermatitis.
A textile1 is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread). Yarn is produced by spinning raw fibres of wool flax cotton hemp or other materials to produce long strands.2 Textiles are formed by weaving knitting crocheting knotting or felting.
Since the 1990s with advances in technologies such as permanent press process finishing agents have been used to strengthen fabrics and make them wrinkle free.22 More recently nanomaterials research has led to additional advancements with companies such as Nano-Tex and NanoHorizons developing permanent treatments based on metallic nanoparticles for making textiles more resistant to things such as water stains wrinkles and pathogens such as bacteria and fungi.
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