Textile. Tuesday , June 05th , 2018 - 17:01:00 PM
The related words fabric3 and cloth4 are often used in textile assembly trades (such as tailoring and dressmaking) as synonyms for textile. However there are subtle differences in these terms in specialized usage. A textile is any material made of interlacing fibres including carpeting and geotextiles. A fabric is a material made through weaving knitting spreading crocheting or bonding that may be used in production of further goods (garments etc.). Cloth may be used synonymously with fabric but is often a piece of fabric that has been processed.
Textiles for industrial purposes and chosen for characteristics other than their appearance are commonly referred to as technical textiles. Technical textiles include textile structures for automotive applications medical textiles (e.g. implants) geotextiles (reinforcement of embankments) agrotextiles (textiles for crop protection) protective clothing (e.g. against heat and radiation for fire fighter clothing against molten metals for welders stab protection and bullet proof vests). In all these applications stringent performance requirements must be met. Woven of threads coated with zinc oxide nanowires laboratory fabric has been shown capable of "self-powering nanosystems" using vibrations created by everyday actions like wind or body movements.
Weaving is a textile production method which involves interlacing a set of longer threads (called the warp) with a set of crossing threads (called the weft). This is done on a frame or machine known as a loom of which there are a number of types. Some weaving is still done by hand but the vast majority is mechanized.
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