Textile. Tuesday , June 05th , 2018 - 16:48:00 PM
Weaving is a textile production method which involves interlacing a set of longer threads (called the warp) with a set of crossing threads (called the weft). This is done on a frame or machine known as a loom of which there are a number of types. Some weaving is still done by hand but the vast majority is mechanized.
The related words fabric3 and cloth4 are often used in textile assembly trades (such as tailoring and dressmaking) as synonyms for textile. However there are subtle differences in these terms in specialized usage. A textile is any material made of interlacing fibres including carpeting and geotextiles. A fabric is a material made through weaving knitting spreading crocheting or bonding that may be used in production of further goods (garments etc.). Cloth may be used synonymously with fabric but is often a piece of fabric that has been processed.
Textiles are often dyed with fabrics available in almost every colour. The dyeing process often requires several dozen gallons of water for each pound of clothing.19 Coloured designs in textiles can be created by weaving together fibres of different colours (tartan or Uzbek Ikat) adding coloured stitches to finished fabric (embroidery) creating patterns by resist dyeing methods tying off areas of cloth and dyeing the rest (tie-dyeing) or drawing wax designs on cloth and dyeing in between them (batik) or using various printing processes on finished fabric. Woodblock printing still used in India and elsewhere today is the oldest of these dating back to at least 220 CE in China. Textiles are also sometimes bleached making the textile pale or white.
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