Textile. Tuesday , June 05th , 2018 - 17:02:16 PM
Textiles for industrial purposes and chosen for characteristics other than their appearance are commonly referred to as technical textiles. Technical textiles include textile structures for automotive applications medical textiles (e.g. implants) geotextiles (reinforcement of embankments) agrotextiles (textiles for crop protection) protective clothing (e.g. against heat and radiation for fire fighter clothing against molten metals for welders stab protection and bullet proof vests). In all these applications stringent performance requirements must be met. Woven of threads coated with zinc oxide nanowires laboratory fabric has been shown capable of "self-powering nanosystems" using vibrations created by everyday actions like wind or body movements.
Minerals and natural and synthetic fabrics may be combined as in emery cloth a layer of emery abrasive glued to a cloth backing. Also "sand cloth" is a U.S. term for fine wire mesh with abrasive glued to it employed like emery cloth or coarse sandpaper.
Textiles are often dyed with fabrics available in almost every colour. The dyeing process often requires several dozen gallons of water for each pound of clothing.19 Coloured designs in textiles can be created by weaving together fibres of different colours (tartan or Uzbek Ikat) adding coloured stitches to finished fabric (embroidery) creating patterns by resist dyeing methods tying off areas of cloth and dyeing the rest (tie-dyeing) or drawing wax designs on cloth and dyeing in between them (batik) or using various printing processes on finished fabric. Woodblock printing still used in India and elsewhere today is the oldest of these dating back to at least 220 CE in China. Textiles are also sometimes bleached making the textile pale or white.
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