Textile. Tuesday , June 05th , 2018 - 17:07:05 PM
Textiles receive a range of treatments before they reach the end-user. From formaldehyde finishes (to improve crease-resistance) to biocidic finishes and from flame retardants to dyeing of many types of fabric the possibilities are almost endless. However many of these finishes may also have detrimental effects on the end user. A number of disperse acid and reactive dyes (for example) have been shown to be allergenic to sensitive individuals.24 Further to this specific dyes within this group have also been shown to induce purpuric contact dermatitis.
Silk is an animal textile made from the fibres of the cocoon of the Chinese silkworm which is spun into a smooth fabric prized for its softness. There are two main types of the silk: mulberry silk produced by the Bombyx Mori and wild silk such as Tussah silk. Silkworm larvae produce the first type if cultivated in habitats with fresh mulberry leaves for consumption while Tussah silk is produced by silkworms feeding purely on oak leaves. Around four-fifths of the worlds silk production consists of cultivated silk
The related words fabric3 and cloth4 are often used in textile assembly trades (such as tailoring and dressmaking) as synonyms for textile. However there are subtle differences in these terms in specialized usage. A textile is any material made of interlacing fibres including carpeting and geotextiles. A fabric is a material made through weaving knitting spreading crocheting or bonding that may be used in production of further goods (garments etc.). Cloth may be used synonymously with fabric but is often a piece of fabric that has been processed.
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