chloe. yarn. June 02nd , 2018.
Labels on yarn for handicrafts often include information on gauge known in the UK as tension which is a measurement of how many stitches and rows are produced per inch or per cm on a specified size of knitting needle or crochet hook. The proposed standardization uses a four-by-four inch/ten-by-ten cm knitted or crocheted square with the resultant number of stitches across and rows high made by the suggested tools on the label to determine the gauge.
There are several thicknesses of craft yarn also referred to as weight. This is not to be confused with the measurement and/or weight listed above. The Craft Yarn Council of America is making an effort to promote a standardized industry system for measuring this numbering the weights from (finest) to 6 (heaviest). Some of the names for the various weights of yarn from finest to thickest are called lace fingering sport double-knit (or DK) worsted aran (or heavy worsted) bulky and super-bulky. This naming convention is more descriptive than precise; fibre artists disagree about where on the continuum each lies and the precise relationships between the sizes.
Yarn is composed of twisted strands of fiber which are known as plies when grouped together.8 These strands of yarn are twisted together (plied) in the opposite direction to make a thicker yarn. Depending on the direction of this final twist the yarn will have either s‑twist (the threads appear to go "up" to the left) or z‑twist (to the right). For a single ply yarn the direction of the final twist is the same as its original twist. The twist direction of yarn can affect the final properties of the fabric and combined use of the two twist directions can nullify skewing in knitted fabric.
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