yarn. Friday , March 16th , 2018 - 01:48:24 AM
Both synthetic and natural yarns can pill. Pilling is a function of fiber content spinning method twist contiguous staple length and fabric construction. Single ply yarns or using fibers like merino wool are known to pill more due to the fact that in the former the single ply is not tight enough to securely retain all the fibers under abrasion and the merino wools short staple length allows the ends of the fibers to pop out of the twist more easily.
Labels on yarn for handicrafts often include information on gauge known in the UK as tension which is a measurement of how many stitches and rows are produced per inch or per cm on a specified size of knitting needle or crochet hook. The proposed standardization uses a four-by-four inch/ten-by-ten cm knitted or crocheted square with the resultant number of stitches across and rows high made by the suggested tools on the label to determine the gauge.
Yarn quantities for handcrafts are usually measured and sold by weight in ounces or grams. Common sizes include 25 g 50 g and 00 g skeins. Some companies also primarily measure in ounces with common sizes being three-ounce four-ounce six-ounce and eight-ounce skeins. Textile measurements are taken at a standard temperature and humidity because fibers can absorb moisture from the air. The actual length of the yarn contained in a ball or skein can vary due to the inherent heaviness of the fibre and the thickness of the strand; for instance a 50 g skein of lace weight mohair may contain several hundred metres while a 50 g skein of bulky wool may contain only 60 metres.
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