yarn. Friday , March 16th , 2018 - 02:27:41 AM
Yarn quantities for handcrafts are usually measured and sold by weight in ounces or grams. Common sizes include 25 g 50 g and 00 g skeins. Some companies also primarily measure in ounces with common sizes being three-ounce four-ounce six-ounce and eight-ounce skeins. Textile measurements are taken at a standard temperature and humidity because fibers can absorb moisture from the air. The actual length of the yarn contained in a ball or skein can vary due to the inherent heaviness of the fibre and the thickness of the strand; for instance a 50 g skein of lace weight mohair may contain several hundred metres while a 50 g skein of bulky wool may contain only 60 metres.
Yarns combining synthetic and natural fibers inherit the properties of each parent according to the proportional composition. Synthetics are added to lower cost increase durability add unusual color or visual effects provide machine washability and stain resistance reduce heat retention or lighten garment weight.
Other animal fibers used include alpaca angora mohair llama cashmere and silk. More rarely yarn may be spun from camel yak possum musk ox cat dog wolf rabbit or buffalo hair and even turkey or ostrich feathers. Natural fibers such as these have the advantage of being slightly elastic and very breathable while trapping a great deal of air making for a fairly warm fabric.
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