yarn. Friday , March 16th , 2018 - 02:01:10 AM
Filament yarn consists of filament fibres (very long continuous fibres) either twisted together or only grouped together. Thicker monofilaments are typically used for industrial purposes rather than fabric production or decoration. Silk is a natural filament and synthetic filament yarns are used to produce silk-like effects.
Yarn is selected for different textiles based on the characteristics of the yarn fibres such as warmth (wool) light weight (cotton or rayon) durability (nylon is added to sock yarn for example) or softness (cashmere alpaca).
Synthetic fibers come in three basic forms: staple tow and filament. Staple is cut fibers generally sold in lengths up to 20mm. Tow is a continuous "rope" of fibers consisting of many filaments loosely joined side-to-side. Filament is a continuous strand consisting of anything from filament to many. Synthetic fiber is most often measured in a weight per linear measurement basis along with cut length. Denier and Dtex are the most common weight to length measures. Cut-length only applies to staple fiber.
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