chloe. yarn. May 31st , 2018.
Yarn is selected for different textiles based on the characteristics of the yarn fibres such as warmth (wool) light weight (cotton or rayon) durability (nylon is added to sock yarn for example) or softness (cashmere alpaca).
Cotton and polyester are the most commonly spun fibers in the world. Cotton is grown throughout the world harvested ginned and prepared for yarn spinning. Polyester is extruded from polymers derived from natural gas and oil. Synthetic fibers are generally extruded in continuous strands of gel-state materials. These strands are drawn (stretched) annealed (hardened) and cured to obtain properties desirable for later processing.
Other animal fibers used include alpaca angora mohair llama cashmere and silk. More rarely yarn may be spun from camel yak possum musk ox cat dog wolf rabbit or buffalo hair and even turkey or ostrich feathers. Natural fibers such as these have the advantage of being slightly elastic and very breathable while trapping a great deal of air making for a fairly warm fabric.
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