yarn. Friday , March 16th , 2018 - 01:45:23 AM
Synthetic fibers come in three basic forms: staple tow and filament. Staple is cut fibers generally sold in lengths up to 20mm. Tow is a continuous "rope" of fibers consisting of many filaments loosely joined side-to-side. Filament is a continuous strand consisting of anything from filament to many. Synthetic fiber is most often measured in a weight per linear measurement basis along with cut length. Denier and Dtex are the most common weight to length measures. Cut-length only applies to staple fiber.
There are several thicknesses of craft yarn also referred to as weight. This is not to be confused with the measurement and/or weight listed above. The Craft Yarn Council of America is making an effort to promote a standardized industry system for measuring this numbering the weights from (finest) to 6 (heaviest). Some of the names for the various weights of yarn from finest to thickest are called lace fingering sport double-knit (or DK) worsted aran (or heavy worsted) bulky and super-bulky. This naming convention is more descriptive than precise; fibre artists disagree about where on the continuum each lies and the precise relationships between the sizes.
Texturized yarns are made by a process of air texturizing filament yarns (sometimes referred to as taslanizing) which combines multiple filament yarns into a yarn with some of the characteristics of spun yarns.
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